Adobe Photoshop Tutorial - Learn The Basics Of Graphics & Book Cover Designs

Adobe Photoshop is one of the offline graphic design software that is used to edit pictures, design different professional graphics like book cover designs for various online book publishing platforms, social media images, Ad banners, document files, typography, illustration, 3D modelling and animation, company and website logo, etc. 

In this tutorial article, you will learn the basics of Adobe Photoshop Creative Studio (CS) series and CC series, how to use the various tools to edit pictures and graphics with step by step screenshots. The main aim of this tutorial is to show you some basic features of Photoshop which will help you design professional book covers for your books on Amazon and CreateSpace. I will also give you some working download links where you can download the cracked versions of Adobe Photoshop CS6 and CC for free! 
I will also show you how to install new free fonts to your computer for Photoshop and other application.
Step by Step Training of Adobe Photoshop CS6 and CC
For the illustrations in this tutorial article, I will use Adobe Photoshop CS6. My reason for choosing this version is because it closely resembles Adobe Photoshop CC versions with little differences, which I will point out in the course of this tutorial. I also chose this version so that I can utilize the medium to explain the new features in Adobe Photoshop CS6 which are not available in the previous versions and how to use them.
By the end of this tutorial, you mastered the new Photoshop CS6 user interface and how to customize it. You will also be able to use all the tools in this version both newly added tools and the previously existing tools like the type tool, shape tools, etc. to design some simple professional graphics like book covers and flyers.

Have you already mastered Adobe Photoshop basics?

Then see how to design professional Book covers with Adobe Photoshop CS6 and CC series.

Many People ask the following questions:

What is Photoshop used for?
How can I make a design in Photoshop?
How can I design a professional book cover with Photoshop?
How can I be a graphic designer?
How we can use Adobe Photoshop?
How can I learn graphic design?
How can I make a design in Photoshop?
How do you Photoshop photos?

This tutorial article answers all these questions.


SEE: HOW TO FORMAT YOUR AMAZON & CREATESPACE BOOKS USING MICROSOFT WORD


SEE ALSO: HOW TO DESIGN PROFESSIONAL BOOK COVERS WITH CANVA TOOL FOR FREE

How to Download and Install Adobe Photoshop CS6 Extended & CC for Free

Adobe Photoshop full version is not initially free but now you can download it for free. You will also nee the license key to activate or crack it. The application is available for both Windows PC and Mac.

Here are the minimum system requirements for Adobe Photoshop CS6 and CC versions:

CPU: Intel Pentium 4 or AMD 64 bit processor with a speed of about 1.8 GHz.
RAM: 1GB (1GB VRAM required for 3D features).
HARD DRIVE SPACE: 4 to 5GB of available hard drive space for installation.
OS: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 10 (or later versions).

Here are some free working download links to Photoshop CS6 and CC Extended:

You can also check some offline software stores to buy the CD.
Once you download a working version, follow the screen to screen instruction to install and crack the application.

Try these Serial Keys to crack Photoshop CS6:

  • ||++1330-1886-0283-4488-9152-2034.
  • ||++1425-3652-7458-9856-1346-9137.
  • ||++1330-1912-2628-0850-0232-4869.
  • ||++1330-1971-4830-5668-6067-1762.
  • ||++1330-1118-3174-6558-6067-1762.
  • ||++1330-1544-4195-8131-3034-5634.
How to learn photoshop design tutorial from scratch

New features in Photoshop CS6 Extended

Here are some newly added features and tools in Adobe Photoshop CS6:

1. Retouching and transforming tools:

a. Content-Aware Move tool: 

The Content-Aware Move tool lets you quickly recompose images without complex layering or slow, precise selections. Extend mode convincingly expands or contracts objects such as hair, trees, or buildings. Move mode lets you place objects in different locations.

b. Content-Aware Patch tool:

The updated Patch tool includes a Content-Aware option that seamlessly replaces unwanted image elements by synthesizing nearby content. The natural-looking results are similar to Content-Aware Fill, but the Patch tool lets you select the area from which the fill is drawn.

c. Redesigned Crop tools: 

The redesigned Crop tool provides an interactive preview so you can better visualize results. A streamlined set of toolbar options includes a helpful Straighten tool, and aspect ratio controls you can adjust while a crop is active in the image window.

2. Filters: 

a. Correcting Wide-angle Lenses: 

Choose Filter > Adaptive Wide Angle to quickly straighten lines that appear curved in panoramas or photos shot with fish eye and wide-angle lenses. The filter uses the physical characteristics of individual lenses to automatically correct images.

b. Photographic Blur Gallery: 

Choose Filter > Field Blur, Iris Blur, or Tilt-Shift to quickly create three distinct photographic blur effects with intuitive on-image controls. Use the Blur Effects controls to add Bokeh effects to the images.

c. Lighting Effects Gallery: 

Get better performance and results with the new, 64-bit Lighting Effects gallery. A dedicated workspace provides on-canvas controls and previews that make it easier to visualize your lighting enhancements.
d. Oil Paint filter: 
Choose Filter > Oil Paint to easily create the look of a classic painting.

3. Video: 

The redesigned, clip-based Timeline panel includes transitions and effects that give finished videos professional polish. You can now easily change clip duration and speed, and apply motion effects to text, still images, and Smart Objects. Video Groups combine multiple video clips and content such as text, images, and shapes on a single Timeline track. Separate audio tracks allow for easy editing and adjusting.

The redesigned video engine also supports a wider range of import formats. When you're ready to export final video, Photoshop provides helpful presets and options for the DPX, H.264, and QuickTime formats.

4. Color and Tonal Adjustments:

a. Skin Tone Selection and Face Detection: 

Choose Select > Color Range. Then, from the Select pop-up menu in the Color Range dialog box, choose Skin Tones to isolate those tones. For more accurate skin tone selection, select Detect Faces and then, adjust Fuzziness to specify how low or high the range of colors will be in the selection.

b. Improved Auto Corrections:

You can now perfectly enhance your images in a single step with improved Auto options for the Levels, Curves, and Brightness/Contrast adjustments.

5. 3D (Photoshop Extended only):

Intuitively create 3D artwork with a simplified interface that offers on-canvas scene editing. Easily drag shadows into place, animate 3D objects, give 3D objects the look of sketches or cartoons, and more.


6. Automation: 


Photoshop CS6 lets you record tools such as the brush tool in your action. To enable this feature, choose Allow Tool Recording from the Actions panel menu.

7. Painting and patterns:


Like Erodible brush, Airbrush, Brush pose, Brush projection, Brush color dynamics, Scripted patterns.

8. Drawing:


a. Vector layers

b. Intuitive path editing

9. Workspace and Workflow: 

Numerous enhancements help you complete common tasks more efficiently.

a. Mercury Graphics Engine:

Experience blazing-fast interactions with processor-intensive commands such as Liquify, Warp, Puppet Warp, and Crop.

b. Fresh new look:

Work with a fresh, elegant interface with design enhancements like different brightness level, On-image displays, new Mini Bridge gallery, switch between Standard and Full Screen display modes.

c. Layers Enhancements:

At the top of the Layers panel, new filtering options help you find key layers in complex documents quickly. Display subsets of layers based on name, kind, effect, mode, attribute, or color label. You can use the Properties panel to quickly modify the layer components selected in the Layers panel.

d. Migrate and share Presets:

Choose Edit > Presets > Migrate to easily move presets, workspaces, preferences, and settings from Photoshop CS3 and later to Photoshop CS6. Choose Edit > Presets > Export/Import Presets to share a custom setup across all computers in a workgroup.

e. Background Save:

Background saving lets you keep working after you choose Save commands, instead of waiting for saving to complete.

f. Auto Recover:

Auto-recover stores crash-recovery information at specified intervals. The default is ten minutes. In case the application crashes, your work is recovered the next time you start the application.

10. Type:

a. Paragraph and Character Styles:

In the Window > Paragraph Styles panel, create, store, and reapply the characteristics of groups of highlighted sentences. In the Window > Character Styles panel, specify the look of selected letters, words, or phrases.

b. Type menu:

A new Type menu has been added, and most of the text and type related functionality is available from the Type menu. For example, you can access the Character and Paragraph panels from the Type > Panels menu.

11. Compatibility with Adobe Touch and Photoshop Companion Apps:

Extend your creativity beyond Photoshop CS6 with Adobe Touch and Photoshop companion apps (sold separately). Design, edit, and elegantly present your work using six Adobe Touch apps designed for your tablet, including Photoshop Touch, Adobe Kuler, and Adobe Debut.

12. Camera Raw 7: 

Simplified Basic controls in the Develop tab improve highlight and shadow rendering. New local corrections are available for white balance, highlights, shadows, noise reduction, and moiré.

Photoshop User Interface or Workspace

The user interface or workspace of Adobe Photoshop is very similar to other Adobe applications like InDesign, illustrator, Incopy and Fireworks. Once you master the workspace of one of these applications, you can easily understand the interface of the other. You create and manipulate your documents and files using various elements, such as panels, bars, and windows. Any arrangement of these elements is called a workspace. The screenshot below shows is a labelled parts that make up Photoshop interface.
Screenshot: Labelled photoshop user interface

From the Above Screenshot:

Label 1 is the Tools panel which contains all the inbuilt Photoshop editing tools. I will elaborate more on this panel later.

Label 2 is the Document tab.

Label 3 is the Tool Options bar which gives the option to customize any tool you select from the tools panel. What it displays depends on the tool you selected.

Label 4 is the Menu bar.

Label 5 is the Active Document Area.

Label 6 is a Vertical dock of 3 panels.

Label 7 is a Horizontal group of tabs.

Label 8 is a Layer.

Photoshop Panels and Tabs:

A panel contains one or more tabs. You can access a tab by clicking on it. You can collapse and expand a panel as well. Also, you can undock or unlink a tab from a group of tabs so that it assumes a separate floating panel.

Understanding the Layers Palette or Tab

Understanding how layers work and how to use it is very crucial because you will often make use of it when designing with Photoshop. Layers allow you to organize your work into distinct levels that can be edited and viewed as individual units. Every Photoshop CS6 document contains at least one layer. Creating multiple layers lets you easily control how your artwork is printed, displayed, and edited. Below is the screenshot of the layers panel in Photoshop.
Screenshot: Layers tab

Here are some important aspect of layers palette or tab:

a. Layer Visibility: The eye shows that the selected layer is visible. To hide a layer, click on the eye to turn to turn it off.

b. Layer Locking Options: Click the checkered square icon to lock Transparency, click the brush icon to lock the Image, click the arrow icon to lock the Position, and click the lock icon to lock all options.

c. Layer Blending Mode: Defines how the layer’s pixels blend with underlying pixels in the image. By choosing a particular blending mode from the drop down menu you can create a variety of special effects.

d. Fill: By typing in a value or dragging the slider you can specify the transparency.

e. Opacity: By typing in a value or dragging the slider, you can specify the transparency of the entire layer.

NOTE:

You can add a layer style, add layer mask, group two or more layers or even delete a layer by clicking on the appropriate icon at the bottom of the layers tab as shown in the screenshot above.

How to Add New Fonts to your Computer and for Photoshop Only

Most times, you might need some stunning font styles to spice up your Photoshop design which might not be available in your computer. There are many sites that provide free fonts that you can use on your computer. You can download free fonts from site like: urbanfonts.com, brushes.com, 101freefonts.com, dafont.com, etc. Download the fonts and save it on your computer. It will be saved inside a zip folder. Unzip the files and then take note of the folder name and location.

All Windows OS have built-in support for OpenType fonts (both .otf and .ttf), as well as PostScript Type 1 fonts (.pfb + .pfm) and TrueType (.ttf). With this support, you can easily use the Windows Fonts control panel to install or remove fonts of all these formats, though the control.

To Install New Fonts on Your Computer:

1. Go to the start menu and go to Control Panel. Then, double click on Fonts. Next, select install new font.

2. Now locate the folder that contains the downloaded fonts. Click OK to add the font to your current list of fonts.

3. To check if the font has been successfully installed; open any image or text editing application like Photoshop. Create a new file and then press the text icon. Now browse the list of fonts you have. If you find the font you installed in the list, you have successfully installed the font on your computer.

NOTE:

You can also install these fonts in a location where it will be available for Photoshop application only. To achieve that: install the new fonts in this location: C:\Program Files\Common Files\Adobe\Fonts.

Photoshop Preferences and How to Customize/Edit them

Photoshop preferences are options that allow you customize the default settings or ways some tools work in such a way that it suits your plan. For example, you can change the keyboard function of an action and also customize the menu bar to your taste.

To Edit Photoshop Preferences:

1. Click the Edit tab and then click on Preferences. Navigate to General. The shortcut to call up the preferences dialog box is Ctrl + K. This opens the Photoshop Preferences dialog box as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: Preferences dialog box
2. There are about eleven tabs in the side bar of the dialog box from which you can edit the settings of any tool. For example, to edit the time it takes Photoshop to automatically save your work (auto save), click the File Handling tab and then click the drop down menu beside the “Automatically Save Recovery Information Every:” check box and change the time from 10 minutes to about 5 minutes then click OK as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: Adjust photoshop auto save time


Photoshop keyboard Shortcut Keys


These shortcuts makes your work faster by reducing the time it would have taken you to go through the normal procedure of achieving a task in Photoshop. Almost all the actions have keyboard shortcuts, but there are some actions you do frequently which you need to master their shortcuts. Most of these shortcuts work on other applications.

Some of these basic shortcut keys include:



1. To Create a new document: Press Ctrl + N (For mac users, press Command + N).



2. To Open a previously created document: Press Ctrl + O (For mac users, press Command + O).


3. To Close an open document: Press Ctrl + W (For mac users, press Command + W).

4. To Save a document file: Press Ctrl + S (For mac users, press Command + S).

5. To Undo an action: Press Ctrl + Z (For mac users, press Command + Z)

NOTE:

There are other shortcuts available in Adobe Photoshop. To view or edit these shortcut keys in Photoshop:

1. Click the Edit tab and then click on Keyboard Shortcuts. Its shortcut key is Alt + Shift + Ctrl + K.

2. This opens the Shortcut and Menu dialog box. Click on the New Set button to create a copy of the selected set or select a set by clicking the right-pointing arrows near each set to open it up. Then modify the shortcut keys.

3. Click Ok to save all changes as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: Edit keyboard shortcut keys

How to Create and Set Up a New Photoshop Document

Creating and setting up a new document in Adobe Photoshop is very easy. But there are some important tips you should take note of when creating the file. Your settings also depend on the type of document you want to create. For example, the setup for a brochure is different from that of an Ad banner because the page size, orientation, resolution and colour mode differ.

To create a new document:

1. Click the File tab and then click New. This prompts the New Document dialog box as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: The new document dialog box
Here are some important thing you should note in the New Document dialog box:

Preset:

The Preset dropdown menu allows you to set some predefined settings for your document which determines the document page size and orientation. You have options like: Default Photoshop size, US paper, International paper, Photo, Web, Mobile & Device, Film & Video, Custom, etc. If you copy an image to your clip board and want to paste it as a new document in Photoshop, it automatically creates a preset based on the dimension of the copied image.

Document Width and Height:

You can change the page size by typing in new values for Width and Height. Page size represents the final size you want after bleeds or trimming other marks outside the page. Typing in your desired values for Height and Width gives you more control over the size and orientation of your page. You can also specify the unit of measurement such as Pixel, Inches, Centimeters, Millimeters, Points, Picas. The most common units are pixels and inches. Typing a value for the width and height changes the option in the Preset to Custom.

Resolution: 

This is the number of pixels on a printed area of an image. The higher the resolution, the more pixels there are on the page, the better the quality of the image and the higher the size of the file. The standard recommended resolution for printed images is 300 pixels/inch or dot per inch (dpi), for Web images it is 72 dpi. 

Color Mode:

Select a color mode that will best fit your document. RGB is recommended when creating a web graphic. CMYK is recommended for print documents. You can also specify the bit depth which determines the maximum number of colours that you can use in the document. The most common bit depths are 8 bits and 16 bits.

Background Contents:

Here you set the initial background content for the new Photoshop document. You have three options to choose from: White, Background colour or Transparent.

2. When you have entered all of your document settings, click Ok.

NOTE: 

You can also save the settings of a document as a new preset by clicking the Save Preset button so that you easily use the settings when creating similar documents in the future. This saves you the stress of having to start the setup for similar documents from scratch.

Photoshop Tools Panel

The Tools panel contains different tools for creating and editing images, artwork, page elements, etc. By default, Photoshop Tools panel appears at the left of the screen. Some tools in the Tools panel have options that appear in the context-sensitive options bar.

Some tools are hidden inside their group. A small drop down arrow at the lower right of the tool icon indicates the presence of hidden tools. You can expand some tools to show hidden tools beneath them by right clicking on the small arrow. To view information about any tool; positioning the pointer over it. The tool tip will display the name of the tool below the pointer.

Photoshop tools in the tools panel are grouped according to their uses. Most of these tools have shortcut keys you can use to select them. Try to master all these keys as they will help you to improve you design speed and accuracy. Also note that most of the Photoshop tools are also found in other Adobe applications like: InDesign, Fireworks, Illustration, etc. All Photoshop tools can be categorized under these eight (8) groups as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: Photoshop tools panel and label
Below is the list of the eight groups of Adobe Photoshop tools with their keyboard shortcut key.

1. Selection Tools: Move (M), Rectangular Marquee (M), Lasso (L), Quick Selection (W).

2. Crop and Slice Tools: Crop (C). Under it you see: Slice (C), Slice Select (C).

3. Measuring Tools: Eye Dropper (I). Under it you see: Colour Sampler (I), Ruler (I), Note (I).

4. Retouching and Painting Tools: Spot Healing Brush (J), Clone Stamp (S), Eraser (E), Blur, Dodge (D), Brush (B), History Brush (Y), Gradient (G).

5. Drawing and Type Tools: Pen (P), Horizontal Type (T), Path Selection (A), Rectangle (U).

6. Navigation and 3D Tools: 3D Object Rotate (K), 3D Rotate Camera (N), Hand (H), Zoom (Z).

7. Ground Colour Selection Tools: Set Foreground Colour, Set Background Colour.

8. Screen Mode Selection Tool: Quick Mask Mode (Q), Change Screen Mode (F).

How to Use the Various Photoshop Tools

Having listed all the Photoshop tools, let me show you how to use some of the common tools like: Quick Selection tool, Crop tool and Type tool. These are most the tools you use often when designing graphics like book covers and editing images. 

How to Use the Quick Selection Tool

The Quick Selection tool helps you to expand your selection to perceived edges in the image. It is an advanced form of the Magic Wand tool. The major difference is that with the Quick Selection tool, you make a selection on images with different colours in the background. Magic wand tool is used to make a selection on images with fewer colours. The keyboard shortcut key for activating this tool is the letter “J” (press the key on your keyboard). Ensure that you checked “Sample all layers” and the “Auto-Enhance” check boxes located in the tool options bar before you start your selection.

To make a large or small selection; increase or decrease the size of your selection brush respectively. To reduce the size of your selection brush, press the left square bracket key ([), for brush size increment, press the right square bracket key (]).This concept applies to all selection tools. If you wish to add more to a selection; hold down the “Shift” key on your keyboard (the tool should have a plus sign at its center) and then click and drag over the area.

Also, if you over select an area or make a mistake with your selection and do not wish to start over, hold down the “Alt” on the keyboard (the tool should have a minus sign at its center) and then click and drag over the area as shown in the screenshot below.

NOTE:

Most times, the easiest way to select an image is to first select the background and then invert the selection by clicking the Select tab and then clicking Inverse. The keyboard shortcut key is Shift + Ctrl + I. Also ensure that the layer is not locked, else you can’t be able to refine the edges of your selection.
Screenshot: The quick selection tool

How to Refine the Edges of Your Selection in Photoshop

After making a selection with the Quick Selection tool, the edges of your selection are usually not smooth. You need to refine the edges to make it look professional and attractive.

To Refine the Edge of a Selection in Photoshop:

1. Ensure that your selection is still active. Then click the Refine Edges button located in the Tool Options bar. This prompts the Refine Images dialog box.

2. Under the View Mode section: click the View drop down menu as shown in the screenshot below and then select a mode. To remove the background of the image, select the On Layers (L) mode.

3. Under the Adjust Edge section: set the Smooth value to about 2 to 5 depending on your work. Don’t overdo it. Set the Feather value to about 0.3 to 0.5. Set the Contrast value to about 10 to 20. Shift the edge to about -10 to -15. Always check the preview of your work to see the effect of each adjustment.

4. Under the Output section:  choose to output it to a new layer. This will disable the original layer. You may wish to check the “Remember Settings” checkbox. Then click OK as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: Refine edge dialog box

How to Crop Images

Cropping images in Adobe Photoshop is very easy. All you need to do is to select the Crop tool or simply press the letter “C” key. Then adjust the crop dimension to your taste. Click the Enter or Return key to apply the crop action as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: Crop tool

How to Use the Type Tool

The Type tool is used to write or add texts to a graphic design. You can also format a text; change the colour, font type, font size, etc. In Adobe Photoshop, clicking the small drop down arrow beside the Type tool displays four different types of Type tool which are: The Horizontal Type tool, Vertical Type tool, Horizontal Type Mask tool and the Vertical Type Mask tool.

Type in Adobe Photoshop consists of vector-based type outlines - mathematically defined shapes that describe the letters, numbers, and symbols of a typeface. Many typefaces are available in more than one format, the most common formats being the PostScript fonts, True Type, Open Type, New CID, etc.

There are three main method of text insertion in Adobe Photoshop: A Point text, Paragraph text and the Path text methods. In the first two methods, you can use of the Horizontal Type tool and Vertical Type tool while the last one, you use the Horizontal Type Mask tool or the Vertical Type Mask tool.

Point Text Method:

Point text is a horizontal or vertical line of text that begins where you click in the image. This method is very convenient if you only want to add a few words to your image. For example, when designing an eBook cover, you use the point type to add your book title.

To Insert Point Texts: 

1. Select the Horizontal Type tool or the Vertical Type tool.

2. Click in the image to set an insertion point for the texts. Enter the characters. To begin a new line, press Enter or Return key.

3. If you wish to format the text like changing the font colour, text or size from the Tool Options bar, first highlight the texts.

4. After entering, editing or formatting the texts, click the Commit button in the options bar as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: The point text type

Paragraph Text Method:

Paragraph text allows you to define a type boundary which the type texts wrap around. The boundaries control the flow of characters, either horizontally or vertically. This method is convenient when you want to create one or more paragraphs of texts. For example, you will use this method to add your book blurb write-up when designing a cover for your print books.

To Insert Paragraph Texts: 

1. Select the Horizontal Type tool or the Vertical Type tool.

2. Click in the image to set an insertion point for the texts. Drag diagonally to define a bounding box for the texts.

3. Enter the characters. To begin a new line, press Enter or Return key. After entering, editing and formatting the type, click the Commit button in the options bar as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: Paragraph text type

Path Text Method:

The Path text method is not often used like the point and paragraph type. The texts in this method flow along the edge of an open or a closed path. When you enter text horizontally, characters appear along the path perpendicular to the baseline. When you enter text vertically, characters appear along the path parallel to the baseline. In either case, the text flows in the direction in which points were added to the path.

How to Draw Shapes and Symbols in Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop has all the tools you need to draw any type of shape ranging from basic shapes like: lines, rectangle, ellipse, polygon to irregular shapes, symbols, logos, etc. The Custom Shape tool allows you to draw any irregular shape or symbol. Right clicking on the small drop down arrow beside the Rectangle tool displays some other shape tools hidden under it. The shortcut to select any shape tool is to press the “U” key on the keyboard. Photoshop has a lot of pre-designed symbols from which you can select and use.

To Draw a Regular Shape: 

1. Right click on the drop down arrow beside the Rectangle tool and select the tool for the shape you want to draw. Some of the available tools are the Rectangle tool, the Rounded Rectangle tool, the Ellipse tool, the Polygon tool, the Line tool and the Custom tool. For example:

To Draw a Polygon with any Number of Sides:

Select the Polygon tool. In the Tools Option bar, specify the number of sides of the polygon you wish to draw. Then click and drag in the document area to draw the polygon shape as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: Drawing a regular shape in photoshop

NOTE:

You can also set the shape fill colour, shape stroke width and type, shape width and height from the Tools Option bar as shown in the screenshot above.

To Draw an Irregular, Custom Shape or Symbol:

1. Select the Custom Shape tool.

2. Click the Shape drop down arrow and then select any irregular shape of your choice. Click and drag in the document area to draw the selected shape or symbol as shown in the screenshot below
Screenshot: Drawing an irregular shape in photoshop
3. There are different categories of shapes available. Some of them are: Animals, Arrows, Artistic textures, Banners and awards, Films, Frames, Grime vector pack, Light bulb, Music, Nature, Objects, Ornaments, Shapes, Symbols, Talk bubbles, Tiles, Web, etc.

You change the category of the shape displayed by clicking the Settings icon and the clicking on any category of your choice as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: Changing the category of shapes
A Photoshop dialog box will pop up asking you if you want to replace the current shapes with the shape from the selected category. Click OK to replace or click Append to leave the existing symbols with the new symbols and shapes.

How to Save or Export a Document in Photoshop

After editing or creating a document in Photoshop, you have to save it as a Photoshop file. The default file extension or format for Photoshop files is PSD. You can also export the document with another file formats like: JPEG, PNG, GIF, WBMP, etc. It is called “Save for Web & Devices”. This option also allows you to optimize image in such a way that you obtain a high quality image with a fairly small file size. Note that after exporting a document from Photoshop, you need to save the original file in Photoshop.

To Save a Photoshop File for the First Time:

1. Click the File and then select Save As. This prompts the Save As dialog box as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: The save as dialog box
2. Type in a unique file name in the File Name text box. You will notice that the file format is PSD.

3. Specify the save location for the file and then click the Save button.

NOTE:

The keyboard shortcut key for saving a file for the first time is Shift + Ctrl + S (for mac users: Shift + Command + S). To save the update you made on a file, press Ctrl + (for mac users: Command + S). These shortcut keys are not limited only in Photoshop, it is also applicable in other applications.

To Export a File from Photoshop:

1. Click the File tab and then select Save for Web & Devices. This prompts the Save for Web dialog box as shown in the screenshot below.
Screenshot: The save for web dialog box
2. Specify the export file format from the drop down menu located under the Preset menu as shown in the screenshot above. You have five file formats to choose from: GIF, JPEG, PNG-8, PNG-24, WBMP (for bitmap images).

3. You can also scale the export file; that is to increase or reduce the dimension before exporting it without altering the dimension of the original Photoshop file by tying in the scale factor in percentage under the Image Size section as shown in the screenshot above. For example, to reduce or enlarge the dimension or size of the image by half: type 50% (for reduction) or 200% (for enlargement). If you don’t want to reduce the image scale, leave the default value which is 100%.

4. After adjusting the file export settings, click the Save button, type a unique file name for the export file and then specify the save location and then save it.

Further Resources

Congrats for studying this article up to this point. Now check my tutorial article on how to design Professional book covers using Adobe Photoshop.


Are you finding it hard to learn Photoshop? then learn how to create a good book cover design using Canva, a free book cover maker with stunning layout with ease.

Did you find any section of this tutorial difficult? Then comment it in the comment box and I will gladly help you out. Click any share button below to share this article with your friends.


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